Difference between Indian and Foreign Education System

  • Indian education focuses more on theory rather than practical. Indian education system doesn’t allow creativity. Whereas in foreign countries; they focus more on practical based learning. And they allow creativity in education.
  • In India; education is a formality, part of routine; every Indian must get a degree of Engineering or Medical stream; whether you learn something or not. In foreign countries; education is taken as a learning process.
  • Foreign education curriculum contains everything taking from arts to sports along with studies. US has arts, sports, music and theatre in syllabus. Australia focuses more on sports; they have cricket, hockey and boxing in their college curriculum. Whereas Indian education system only emphasize on studies. There is no room for extra-curricular in our education system.
  • In Dubai; primary and secondary education is free and it is made compulsory in law. Where as in India education is becoming business. Taking from privatization of education to tuitions and coaching institute; education is generating good money. So business minds are now moving towards education.
  • In India students are not given choice to select their field of interest. One must become an engineer or a doctor! Sports and arts are considered to be made for leftovers. If you don’t get admission in science of commerce stream; you choose arts. This is what Indians feel.
  • In India; students are admitted into streams which have higher pay scale or higher number of jobs. And in foreign country; students are admitted according to their field of interest.
  • In India; students take admission seeing the trends. So if in a particular year, majority of students are rushing towards Mechanical Engineering, you’re bound to take admission in Mechanical Engineering. Students are not given choice to select their field of stream. In short in India; we go with the flow. Where as in foreign countries, students wait until they get admission into their field of interest.
  • In India, students are required to memorize facts and figures. Thousands of equations of mathematics, birth dates and death dates of freedom fighters, chemical reactions and hundreds of other things. We emphasize on theory. And in foreign country they impact knowledge in students through practical implementation.
  • Indian education system teaches old technologies. Education system hasn’t changed much after independence. Indian education system is very bad in adopting latest technologies in curriculum. In foreign countries; curriculum changes everyday according to upgradation of technology and requirements of the industry.
  • And lastly we believe in grades and certificates. We believe in taking admission in IITs and IIMs. Foreign countries believe in skills. They don’t care about the institution of education more, all they see is what you learnt during your schooling.

Difference between Germany & Japan Engineering Education System

These differences are seen in the system of “Internship” in both countries. There are very few universities interested in six months long internship in Japan, but the German system usually requires every student to accomplish an almost six months internship or international student experience. The internship experience enables students to think about their problems in their fields and the international experience enables them to understand that there are many different ideas in the world, whereas most Japanese students want to solve problems using their knowledge. (Source: Difference of engineering education systems between Japan & Germany - Takashi SATO et al.).

Many Japanese universities normally have the educational system, which checks the students’ “knowledge” about theories and answers, but engineering education in Germany provides the system "Diplomarbeit" plus internship and some oral examinations to check the students’ "understandings" instead of their "knowledge". So, German graduates can think in their tasks. We can say Japan has 'Specialists'; however, Germany has 'Generalists', when students graduate from universities in engineering fields.

Difference between India & USA Engineering Education System

American students give much lesser importance to grades as compared to the Indian counterparts. They do believe that grades are important, of course! But they have a more intrinsic sense of “wanting to learn” rather than “scoring good grades”. The fraction of students who take up a course because they think they will learn something interesting in that, is much larger in USA than in India. This includes courses in entirely different disciplines.

A lot of universities in USA will offer undergrads the chance to choose/change their major at the end of first year (or in some cases, even a bit later). This does happen in India as well, but the chances are much lower. Only the students at the top of their batches get an opportunity to do it! Thus, in USA, you can take a variety if courses and then choose what stream you want to follow.

Research is a much more integral part of engineering/science education in USA. Most undergrads would have had significant research experience at the university, as well as some industry exposure, by the time they graduate. This is in strong contrast to India, where even the final year projects are at most times, not nearly as rigorous!

There is a much larger stress on theoretical aspects in India. The overall course content, for most parts, is larger in India as compared to equivalent courses in USA. Examinations are far more stressful. In USA, there is, in general, a much larger continuous assessment component. There are assignments throughout the semester, and students do take them much more seriously than India. They work through the assignments much harder than most Indian students. The laws against plagiarism are much stricter. In case of exams, the Indian system is much more rigorous. In USA, a lot of exams are open-book and/or open-notes (and in some cases, open internet access as well!). Thus, the need to learn formulae is way lower! In India, this does happen, but to a much smaller extent.

Though not restricted to engineering, the students in USA in general are much freer and do their undergrads with a target of discovering what they like, and how they want their life to pan out with! A lot of them do part-time jobs at multiple places. The whole culture is much more relaxed than in India. However, when they do find something to work upon that they like, they pursue that with endless passion. Overall, they choose whatever they want to learn, and learn it well. This makes their undergrad experience much more fulfilling than their Indian counterparts, who have the target (and thus, pressure) of either earning a good job or getting into another reputed higher educational program (MS/PhD/MBA, etc.).

(Source: Quora)